What is the effectiveness of assistive technology and assistive devices in promoting cognitive function in older adults with dementia or cognitive impairments?

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Alvarado, Chaya
Miller, Hannah
Nguyen, Annie
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2023-05-03
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Background: Dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) both involve cognitive decline and are common diagnoses among older adults. Dementia and MCI are characterized by cognitive deficits that begin in adulthood and affect an individual’s ability to independently and safely perform everyday activities. Aim: This critically appraised topic (CAT) is aimed at determining the effectiveness of assistive technology and assistive devices in promoting cognitive function in older adults with dementia or cognitive impairments. Methods: IRB approved Level I and II randomized controlled studies were analyzed and included in the CAT if they were published within the last 5 years and included integration of assistive technology or assistive devices as interventions implemented for participants 65 years of age or older with a diagnosis of dementia or MCI. The studies focused on interventions that are designed to be client-centered and functional through the promotion of independence within the older adult population. Results: The level 1B and 2B research completed on assistive technology and devices illustrates moderate evidence as an occupational therapy intervention for improved cognitive function in older adults with dementia and MCI. The quality of evidence to support the efficacy of assistive technology and assistive devices as an OT intervention for cognitive function is still emerging. Further research is necessary to support the use of this intervention for older adults with dementia or MCI.
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Creighton University
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Copyright is retained by the Author. A non-exclusive distribution right is granted to Creighton University
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