Biting the poor: on the difference between credit and debt in ancient Israel and southwest Asia
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This article argues for a distinction between credit and debt, for although the two overlap, they are distinct. Thereby, the argument differs from the more common approach that sees them as coterminous, as part of the same economic function. The analysis has two parts, the first of which outlines the distinct functions of credit and debt. In the second part, they are located in their specific social and economic contexts. While credit is primarily the feature of what may be called the subsistence economic regime, based on village communities, debt functions within the system of palatine and temple estates. The argument draws on material from ancient Southwest Asia in order to understand the differences between credit and debt in ancient Israel.
Boer, Roland. (2014), Biting the poor: on the difference between credit and debt in ancient Israel and southwest Asia. Journal of Religion & Society, 16.
Rabbi Myer and Dorothy Kripke Center, Creighton University
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