What is the effectiveness of occupational therapy coaching on performance, satisfaction, goal attainment, and/or self-competence related to medical condition/health management of children and families of children with formal medical diagnosis/occupational performance difficulties?
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Occupational therapy practitioners can use their competence in developmental screening and assessment, caregiver education on developmental milestones, and contextual assessments to address the social determinants of health that affect access and utilization patterns. Practitioners have the ability to assess community systems to identify what is needed to support access to developmental monitoring and to offer initiatives beyond the traditional medical model across childhood settings,” (Riley & de Sam Lazaro, 2021). The importance of this focus question for occupational therapy practice is that with the help of occupation-based coaching, children and families can improve in many areas. These areas can include occupational performance, satisfaction, goal attainment, and/or self-competence related to medical conditions and health management of children and families with formal medical diagnosis. Overall, understanding how occupation-based coaching, occupational performance coaching, solution-focused coaching, and health coaching in context can better assist in the understanding of what occupational therapists' role is in using these coaching methods during interventions. This type of intervention focused on client-centered care that involves collaborative communication between therapist and caregiver/children to increase occupational performance, satisfaction, and quality of life. Occupational therapy practitioners are well positioned to address effective caregiver coaching. Through generalizing and transferring knowledge and skills, as well as preventing future occupational performance problems among children and adolescents, could be achieved through implementing the occupation-based coaching process, (Gantman-Kraversky, 2019).
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