Secularism Stated, Rejected, and Reaffirmed: France, Italy, and Canada and the Dilemmas of Multi-Religious Societies
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Zoethout, Carla M.
Over the past decades, western societies have been confronted with immigration on a considerable scale. As a result, they have become more pluralistic, particularly as far as religion is concerned. This paper seeks to analyze the response to these developments in France, Italy, and the Canadian province of Quebec. The law on face-covering clothing was introduced in France, the privileged position of the Catholic religion was strengthened in Italy, and a debate about the proposed “Charter of secular values” took place in Quebec. Which of these approaches can best regulate a society, which will undoubtedly become even more diverse in the near future?
Rabbi Myer and Dorothy Kripke Center, Creighton University
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