Anti-Islamic sentiment and media framing during the 9/11 decade
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Americans' opinions of Islam were at their most favorable immediately after 9/11, when the sense of threat was highest, and grew less favorable even as the fear receded. This counterintuitive outcome apparently resulted from a bipartisan effort by government and media to avert discrimination by framing Islam in a positive way. A gradual increase in animosity thereafter was due to a shift away from this framing, especially by right-leaning talking heads. In 2006 the framing of right-leaning media shifted again, toward nativism. This analysis illustrates the influence of media framing and suggests opinion-makers should choose their frames with care.
Smith, Christopher. (2013), Anti-Islamic sentiment and media framing during the 9/11 decade. Journal of Religion & Society, 15.
Rabbi Myer and Dorothy Kripke Center, Creighton University
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