Antimicrobial Stewardship in a Critical Access Hospital
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At least 30% of all hospitalized patients receive antimicrobial therapy, and as many as 50% of such therapies are unnecessary or inappropriate.1,2 Inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents results in the development of bacterial resistance, which has been shown to increase morbidity and mortality rates, adverse events, and costs.2 There are few new antimicrobial agents currently in development to combat multi-drug resistant organisms. This reinforces the need for judicious use of existing agents. Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs (ASPs) limit inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents and promote optimized regimens (right agent, dose, duration, and route of administration).3 Pharmacists play an important role in ASPs through promotion of optimal use of antimicrobial agents as well as providing education to other health care professionals.