Mindfulness Interventions for Perinatal Mental Health
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BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are the most common co-morbidities of pregnancy worldwide and pose an increase costs to families and society through increased healthcare needs to the mother-baby dyad. An increasing number of occupational therapists have practices dedicated to supporting pregnant people in their occupations including addressing mental health concerns impeding daily functioning. AIM: This critically appraised topic (CAT) is aimed at determing the effectiveness of mindfulness training to improve mental health in pregnant people. METHODS: Level I and II systematic reviews, as well as level I and II randomized control trials (RCTs), were analyzed. Studies were included if articles were peer-reviewed and published within the last 5 years, included participants with a gestational age between 12-27 weeks, interventions that featured some form of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), and included outcomes related to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-efficacy. RESULTS: Level I and II research completed on MBIs shows a significant association between improved mindfulness and reduced perinatal depression and anxiety. Further research needs to be explored to determine the presecense of this association in RCTs with true double blinding.
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