Evaluation of a Free Smoking Cessation Program in North Omaha

dc.contributor.advisorHowell, Eleanor
dc.contributor.authorHoskey, Christa
dc.contributor.authorHowell, Eleanor
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-03T19:53:03Z
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-03T19:53:03Z
dc.date.available2015-05-17T08:40:21Z
dc.date.available2015-05-17T08:40:21Z
dc.date.created2014-05-05
dc.date.issued2014-06-03
dc.date.issued2014-06-03
dc.degree.committeeTodd, Martha
dc.degree.committeeRyan-Haddad, Ann
dc.degree.committeeO'Keefe, Catherine
dc.degree.disciplineDoctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Program
dc.degree.levelDNP
dc.degree.nameDoctor of Nursing Practice
dc.description.abstractNicotine dependence, specifically smoking cigarettes, is a significant healthcare and societal issue. Tobacco use is the number one cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States. Socioeconomic status plays a role in smoking habits and is a major determinant of tobacco-related health disparities. Smoking cessation is a cost-effective preventive care service that allows for reallocation of funds spent on cigarettes. A smoking cessation program was designed with the goal of increasing smoking cessation rates in underserved, vulnerable populations. The program used evidence-based guidelines, Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT), and individualized support and follow-up, and was implemented in a free clinic setting. An evaluation was conducted at the 8-week point. Out of 15 program participants, 4 participants completed the eight weeks. Of the four completers, three (75%) cut back on the number of cigarettes smoked and one (25%) was smoking just as many cigarettes as prior to the program. Participants’ triggers to smoking included stress, negative emotions, habits, and set-backs to quitting. Participants reported satisfaction with the resources, support, and convenience of the smoking cessation program, and preferred nicotine patches over nicotine gum. Participants offered suggestions on improving the program and increasing the availability of smoking cessation programs for the free clinic community
dc.description.abstractNicotine dependence, specifically smoking cigarettes, is a significant healthcare and societal issue. Tobacco use is the number one cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States. Socioeconomic status plays a role in smoking habits and is a major determinant of tobacco-related health disparities. Smoking cessation is a cost-effective preventive care service that allows for reallocation of funds spent on cigarettes. A smoking cessation program was designed with the goal of increasing smoking cessation rates in underserved, vulnerable populations. The program used evidence-based guidelines, Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT), and individualized support and follow-up, and was implemented in a free clinic setting. An evaluation was conducted at the 8-week point. Out of 15 program participants, 4 participants completed the eight weeks. Of the four completers, three (75%) cut back on the number of cigarettes smoked and one (25%) was smoking just as many cigarettes as prior to the program. Participants' triggers to smoking included stress, negative emotions, habits, and set-backs to quitting. Participants reported satisfaction with the resources, support, and convenience of the smoking cessation program, and preferred nicotine patches over nicotine gum. Participants offered suggestions on improving the program and increasing the availability of smoking cessation programs for the free clinic community
dc.description.noteManuscripten_US
dc.description.pages28 pagesen_US
dc.embargo.terms2015-05-17
dc.embargo.terms2015-05-17
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10504/49984
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10504/49984
dc.rightsContact for permission to quote at: Christa.Hoskey@gmail.com
dc.rightsCopyright is retained by the Author. A non-exclusive distribution right is granted to Creighton University
dc.rights.holderChrista Hoskey, RN, BSN
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessation
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessation-Methods
dc.subject.meshTobacco Use Cessation Products
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessation-Methods
dc.titleEvaluation of a Free Smoking Cessation Program in North Omaha
dc.title.alternativeSmoking Cessation Programen_US
dc.title.alternativeScholarly Projecten_US
dc.typeManuscript
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
Hoskey_Manuscript_05052014.pdf
Size:
76.57 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Manuscript
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
1.71 KB
Format:
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission
Description:
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
Hoskey_copyright_05052014.pdf
Size:
243.35 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description: