What is the Effectiveness of Peer Mediated Intervention for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder on Increasing Their Social Participation?
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ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that occurs in 1 per 36 children. Children with ASD may have signs and symptoms including problems with social communication and restrictive or repetitive behaviors or interests. These implications can impact their ability to engage in activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) such as mealtime, dressing, school, work, and social participation. AIM: This critically appraised topic (CAT) is aimed at determining the effectiveness of peer mediated intervention (PMI) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on increasing their social participation. METHODS: Literature search analysis led to the inclusion of Level 1B and 2B studies regarding the prioritized aim. Studies were further analyzed to include literature within the last seven years which met the following outlined criteria: children with ASD participating in peer-mediated interventions to increase social participation. Six total studies were included which met the established standards. RESULTS: Level 1B and 2B research completed on PMI has revealed moderate, positive evidence regarding the effectiveness of PMI on increasing social communication, social skills, problem-solving skills, confidence in the work environment, and independence in ADLs/IADLs in school-aged children diagnosed with ASD. Further RCTs with larger sample sizes and systematic reviews should be completed to increase strength of evidence for PMI.
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