Implementing Pain Management Interventions During Childhood Immunizations

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Lahmann, Kiley
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2023-12-09
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Pediatric Pain , Vaccine Pain , Pain Management Interventions
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Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to educate clinic staff on the importance of pain relief during immunizations and to implement an evidence-based vaccine pain management campaign during immunizations at an urban, Midwest pediatric primary care clinic. Background: The pain associated with childhood vaccinations can cause deep-rooted negative effects on a person’s relationship with future healthcare opportunities including disregard for future immunizations. Although evidence-based interventions for decreasing pain during childhood vaccinations exist, they are widely underutilized in everyday clinical practice settings. Sample/Setting: Pediatric patients aged 2-18 years were offered pain reduction methods for routine vaccinations in an urban, Midwest pediatric primary care clinic. Results: A total of 25 patients were included in the project. The mean age was 7.8 years old. All patients were offered the pain prevention options. A total of 28% (7) selected a pain reduction method with the most frequent being distraction. No child older than 11 selected a pain prevention strategy. Conclusion: Although there are many evidence-based pain reduction methods readily available for children undergoing painful needle-related procedures, methods continue to be widely underutilized for immunizations in the primary care setting.
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Copyright is retained by the Author. A non-exclusive distribution right is granted to Creighton University
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