What is the effectiveness of music therapy in improving social engagement among children with autism spectrum disorder?

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Authors
Nguyen, Caroline
Robinson, Christian
Tran, Christine
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2023-04-21
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music therapy autism social engagement
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Abstract
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder commonly affecting social communication and behavior. Children with ASD often have difficulty with social engagement, including having trouble interacting with others, understanding nonverbal cues, and responding appropriately to social situations. Social engagement is an essential part of a child’s development; these deficits can impact a child’s quality of life. Therefore, interventions like music therapy that can help promote social engagement are critical in improving the social skills and overall well-being of children with ASD. AIM: This critically appraised paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy among children with ASD. Music therapy has been used as a therapeutic intervention tool to help improve communication, socialization, and emotional regulation. This paper analyzes recent literature to examine how music therapy can lead to positive outcomes in social engagement among children with ASD. METHODS: Level 1 and 2 randomized control studies were analyzed and included in the CAT published in the last 10 years, which included music-based interventions and outcomes based on social engagement and interaction through music therapy within the pediatric population. Caregiver support intervention implementation was included in these studies. Studies focused on participants with a clinical diagnosis of ASD. RESULTS: Level 1 and 2 research on music therapy interventions has revealed suitable evidence regarding the effectiveness of music therapy on social skills and engagement of children diagnosed with ASD.
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Creighton University
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Copyright is retained by the Author. A non-exclusive distribution right is granted to Creighton University
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