Critically Appraised Topic
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Barajas , Rebecca
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disorder which is increasing in prevalence as 1 in every 68 children aged eight are currently being diagnosed with ASD (Kashefimehr et al., 2018). The World Health Organization (2022) has reported the global incidence of ASD to be about 1.0%. Children with ASD can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral challenges. There are varying abilities of children and people with ASD. These children can have problems with social communication, and restricted or repetitive behaviors, making it difficult to engage in activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), such as feeding, dressing, cleaning, and household chores. It is common for children with ASD to have a dysfunctional or dysregulated sensory system. Body awareness, motor skills, and balance can be affected by the inability to process sensory information. The purpose of this analysis was to critically appraise the effectiveness of sensory integration therapies to address sensory symptoms and improve functional performance and participation in children with ASD. The analysis demonstrated that occupational therapists can provide individualized treatment to address sensory challenges and promote engagement in daily activities. Using the principles of Ayres-SI, interventions can target sensory and motor difficulties to ensure safety and independence. This approach requires further research to establish a protocol that can be replicated as well as conducting research with a bigger sample size and more diversity in the participants.
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