ItemMeasuring Creative Destruction: A Source or Indicator of Economic Growth(Creighton University, 2021) Gibson, Jack; Gibson, JackIntroduction|Creative destruction, a term first coined by the economist Joseph Schumpeter, is the idea that the process of economic growth "incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within, incessantly destroying the old one, incessantly creating a new one." Despite the violent connation of the phrase, Schumpeter believed that creative destruction is the driving force of the capitalist economy. He even called it the "essential fact of capitalism." Within the capitalist economy, according to Schumpeter, as new businesses are created they break up or destroy existing businesses. In doing so these new businesses create untapped sources of wealth which fuels new growth within the economy. Of course, for this process to occur a number of economic actors must be present. For Schumpeter, the key actor within the creative destruction process was the entrepreneur as their work directly leads to the creation of new businesses within the economy. ItemThe Warrior Self: Risk Taking and Injuries among NFL Athletes(Creighton University, 2021) Yackley, Emma Grace; Yackley, Emma GraceOpening Paragraph|The warrior is disciplined and determined. He is primed for impact, hostile, aggressive, dominating. Most importantly, the warrior is prepared to battle toward victory regardless of personal safety. He eagerly sacrifices his well-being for his brothers and the hierarchal structure. The warrior is a patriotic man and possesses great sense of pride in his endeavors. He knows what it means to 'give' for his team. The groan of a F-15 fighter aircraft rings through his ears as the starting drive is initiated. The warrior has been trained by physical and tactical force experts all his life for moments like this. He barrels forward to meet his target alongside 'missiles', 'shields', 'rockets' and 'trained killers'. His fellows are trained in the same art as him, valorized for their physicality and aggression. As the confrontation begins, he braces himself for the violent exchange of momentum as he collides with a warrior from the opposing squad. He is smothered by the crushing, rib-cracking force of the tackle. The sound of a whistle pierces the air. The warrior pulls himself up from the ground with a grimace; a dull ache reverberates inside his helmet. He must carry on and perform his duty: he must 'shake it off' for the next play. The warrior is a 24-year-old tight end in the NFL. ItemDetermining a Law's Applicability: How Social Norms Impact Legal Interpretation(Creighton University, 2021) Lavallee, Regan; Lavallee, ReganOpening Paragraph|In this essay, I argue that there is a relationship between written text and social norms which guides how we interpret legal language. This relationship is necessary since it ensures that written legal language reflect societal values. By reflecting societal values, laws remain relevant over time: laws are enforceable since society acknowledges that these laws are pertinent for the protection of societal values. In order to make this claim, I will first discuss why legal language relies upon ambiguity for interpretations of the law. I will then discuss how social norms narrow this ambiguity to guide the interpretation of written legal language. I will conclude by analyzing the language of the 14th Amendment to illustrate how the ambiguity of legal language constrained by social norms allow laws to remain relevant to a society over time. Throughout this essay, I will refer to legal language from the United States Constitution; I believe this document contains legal language which we are familiar with the written text as well as how this language is applied to our lives. ItemHarry Style's Unique Persona: Defying Hegemonic Masculinity(Creighton University, 2021) Mandar Bichu, Apoorvaa; Mandar Bichu, ApoorvaaOpening Paragraph|In 2010, Harry Edward Styles was a round faced, curly haired, bright eyed aspiring young singer, hoping to win The X-Factor, with his bandmembers. Ten years later, the band is on hiatus, and Styles is the breakout star, having released two record breaking albums and starred in an Oscar-nominated movie. While his accomplishments have evolved, so has his image. From a clean-cut popstar, he is now a fashionable rock icon, having hosted the Met Gala, and performed with the likes of Shania Twain. The image Styles has created has led him to be perceived as a pioneer in his field as he challenges the socially normative standard of masculinity through his genderfluid clothing, music about embracing his sexuality, and quotes about self-acceptance.